Why do we need ethical theories ethical theories can guide us in our analysis of moral issues involving cyber-technology is there a simpler, alternative scheme that we. You will see, as we proceed, that we do not do ethics without at least some moral theoryý when evaluating the merits of some decision regarding a case, we will. Virtue theories claim that ethics is about agents, not actions or consequences living an ethical, or good life, then, consists in the possession of the right character traits (virtues) and having, as a result, the appropriate moral character. Ethical concepts and theories • deﬁnitions - society: association of people organized under a sys-tem of rules rules: advance the good of members. Moral theories september 3, 2012 ethical theories — philosophies of morality approaches to ethics •theories relativism law divine commands.
Ethical theory there are many, many resources for the study of ethics a very helpful guide with links to a wide range of materials has been created by prof lawrence hinman. Contemporary ethical theories ethical relativism postmodern ethics analytical ethics others 67 ethical relativism the theory according to which right and wrong are determined by what one's society says is right and wrong. Actions have consequences we all know this, but did you know that there is an entire branch of philosophy devoted to this idea explore the consequentialist theories of ethical egoism and. The term value theory is used in at least three different ways in philosophy in its broadest sense, value theory is a catch-all label used to encompass all branches of moral philosophy, social and political philosophy, aesthetics, and sometimes feminist philosophy and the philosophy of.
There are many ethical theories that can be used to analyse situations in everyday life as well as hypothetical ethical dilemmas it can be useful to look at the situation through the lens of several theories as the most ethical way forward will usually be judged as ethical by several different theories. Named the theory behaviorism and applied that ethical system to people (previously only applied to dogs) rube goldberg a cartoonist (cartoons illustrated behaviorism well. Ethical theory has traditionally been associated with kantian ideas of individual consciousness, and for many psychologists, ethics/ethical practice forms part of an implicit backdrop to therapy--usually overtly formulated and accessible when needed, in a code of ethics (donovan, 2003. Ethical theories and their use in ethics education as shown earlier, one helpful way for leading an ethical case study discussion is to give students a guide, such as the .
The purpose of this article is to explain different ethical theories and compare and contrast them in a way that's clear and easy for students to understand there are three major categories of ethical systems that students typically learn about in philosophy classes: consequentialism, deontology and virtue ethics. Ethical theories can be divided into two categories depending on what they consider the source of ethical value to be: consequentialist or teleological ethical theories and motivational or deontological ethical theories. There are two major ethics theories that attempt to specify and justify moral rules and principles: utilitarianism and deontological ethics utilitarianism (also called consequentialism) is a moral theory developed and refined in the modern world in the writings of jeremy bentham (1748-1832) and. A normative theory of business ethics is an attempt to focus this general theory exclusively upon those aspects of human life that involve business relationships by thus limiting its range of.
Some ethical theories that influence nursing practice are consequentialism, deontology, ethical relativism, utilitarianism theory, teleology, virtue ethics, and justice and equity to a layperson some of these words may make sense and others may not. From the republic, written by the ancient greek philosopher plato, to a theory of justice, written by the late harvard philosopher john rawls, every major work on ethics has held that justice is part of the central core of morality. Each moral theory holds a specific approach in how to handle life's decisions throughout history, a few moral theories have surfaced and have been analyzed for their strengths and weaknesses a moral theory often shapes a person's attitude toward others, belief system and life choices. Ethical principles provide a generalized framework within which particular ethical dilemmas may be analyzed as we will see later in this module, these principles can provide guidance in resolving ethical issues that codes of ethics may not necessarily provide. For these theories, the objectively right act is the one a person of a certain type (the virtuous person) would choose virtue is a complex of virtues, including justice, courage, temperance, and judgment.
Virtue ethics does not set up a single rule of morality, but identifies many possible goals this approach is therefore classified as a pluralism typically, such a theory will set up a number of virtues (honesty, loyalty, courage, generosity, etc) to be fostered—and vices to be avoided—by any individual of good character. A theory of virtue ethics has evolved based in part on the limits of both formalism and consequentialism virtue ethics is founded not in rules or consequences but in personal attributes of character or virtue. Relativistic normative ethical theories is a rather indeterminate classification that includes theories that have dramatic differences and that represent radical approaches to ethics despite their differences these theories do share a common doctrine - moral relativism.
Academiaedu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Theories of ethics ethics is a branch of philosophy that, at its core, seeks to understand and to determine how human actions can be judged as right or wrong we may make ethical judgments, for example, based upon our own experience or based upon the nature of or principles of reason.
Pages in category ethical theories the following 114 pages are in this category, out of 114 total this list may not reflect recent changes a. Ethical theories 41 consequentialism the aim of ethical theories is, among other things, to present and defend systematic answers to the two following questions:. Virtue theory has a couple different ways of looking at things, such as do we look at a person based on a single instance or is the proper way to look at this person overtime, or look at history before making a judgment in regards to this persons character.